Dyslexia Warning Signs

Does your child have a reading disability?

  • Does your child struggle with reading fluency and/or spelling?

  • Does your child have trouble keeping up with homework?

  • Does your child have difficulty remembering how to read and spell words they have seen many times?

  • Does your child struggle with reading comprehension?

  • Is your child progressing slower than expected despite receiving additional support?

  • Does your child struggle or avoid writing assignments?

Dyslexia Facts

  • Dyslexia is a brain wiring difference that affects about 20% of the population
  • Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling abilities
  • Dyslexia is the most common cause of reading, writing and spelling difficulties
  • People with dyslexia are REALLY smart!
  • Having a relative with dyslexia significantly increases your risk
  • A lot of adults with dyslexia are not diagnosed until they see their children struggle with literacy development and they become more aware of the genetic influences.
  • Dyslexia affects males and females nearly equally, as well as people from different ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds
  • Dyslexia is not the result of low IQ, poor motivation, or lack of instruction
  • Dyslexia can range from mild to severe and it affects each individual quite differently
  • Dyslexia is life-long. Although individuals show improvement with intervention, they will likely always have some level of difficulty with reading and spelling
  • Dyslexia is not a problem of vision; people with dyslexia do not “see backward.”

Dyslexia Warning Signs


  • Delays in meeting early speech milestones
  • History of speech sound errors and sound sequencing errors e.g. says “bakset” for “basket”
  • Has trouble recalling vocabulary and uses nonspecific vocabulary when speaking “things”, “stuff”
  • Has difficulty with the concept of rhyme generation (tell me a word that rhymes with cat)
  • Has difficulty learning the names of letters, colors, and numbers despite frequent practice opportunities.
  • Has difficulty remembering familiar songs and nursery rhymes
  • Has difficulty remembering directions and details from stories

Early Elementary School

  • Has difficulty recognizing and spelling common sight words despite frequent practice opportunities
  • Has trouble remembering the sounds that individual letters and letter combinations make (ch, th, sh)
  • Misreads words when reading (was/saw, is/as, left/felt, house/home, of/off)
  • Has trouble with letter and number directionality when writing
  • Has trouble with rapid recall of math facts
  • Relies on context and picture clues when reading
  • Has trouble recalling details when reading
  • Enjoys being read to but dislikes reading on own
  • Avoids writing and may have poor or awkward pencil grip
  • Mixes upper case and lower case when writing, has poor spacing and sizing of letters
  • Difficulty with reading and/or spelling seems unexpected relative to other strengths