Stuttering and Fluency Disorders

The precise cause of stuttering is not known but most experts agree that it is likely caused by a combination of factors including genetic factors, developmental factors and environmental factors. We do know that stuttering is not caused by emotional problems and it is not a “nervous” disorder. We also know that stuttering is not the fault of the family or the person who stutters.

Stuttering typically starts between the ages of 2½ and 5 when normal disfluencies (whole word repetitions, beginning word repetitions) occur. Normal disfluencies tend to come and go and are usually signs that a child is learning to use language in new ways. If disfluencies disappear for several weeks, then return, the child may just be going through another stage of learning.

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